India Main article: Academic ranks in India Regular Academic ranks (Hierarchy from top): Academic institutions in India have the mandate of teaching, training and research. This also includes research universities. Professor Associate Professor Assistant Professor In addition to these, there are government sponsored fellowships such as Ramanujan & Ramalingaswami. The fellowship is awarded to able candidates for a 5-year contract period during which they are hosted by an academic or research organisation. Their primary function is to carry out high quality original research. They may become a regular faculty as an assistant professor or associate professor during this period subject to their performance. Assistant Professor (on contract) / Adhoc faculty They are primarily involved in teaching for a limited contract period typically 6 months 1 year. Research ranks (Hierarchy from top): Research institutions such as national labs have a different kind of hierarchy and are primarily concerned with basic and applied research. They guide Ph.D. students in their research thesis but do not grant degrees. In most cases the Ph.D. candidates are registered with another University which grants the degree. Awarding of degree is subjected to meeting the same criteria as Ph.D. guided by university professors. Scientist H Scientist G Scientist F Scientist E (in some cases EII) Scientist D (in some cases EI) Scientist C Scientist B Non-faculty ranks Research associate (postdoctoral fellows/inspire faculty) Senior research fellow (Ph.D. students after completing two years of course work and research) Junior research fellow (Newly joined Ph.D. candidates) Administrative ranks in Universities Chancellor Vice Chancellor Pro Vice Chancellor Deans / Directors Chairmen / HODs / Wardens Administrative ranks in Research Institutions Director General Director Chairman of Departments / Divisions